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Facts about Nevada

History | Symbols | Interesting Facts | Famous People

Statehood:  October 31, 1864, the 36th State.

Capital:  Carson City

Total Area: 7th among states, 286,367 sq km (110,567 sq mi).

Water Area:  1,971 sq km (761 sq mi).

Highest Point:  Boundary Peak 4,005 m (13,140 ft).

Total Population:  35th among states.
2010 census - 2,700,551

Population Density in 2010:  24.6 people per sq mi

Distribution in 2000:  87.4% Urban, 12.6% Rural.

Gross State Product - $127 billion (2010)
Personal income per Capita - $38,578 (2009) 

Largest cities in 2010:
Las Vegas: 583,756
Henderson: 256,729
Reno: 225,221

  • During the Cold War, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission chose a Nevada site to test nuclear weapons.

  • Berlin-Ichthyosaur State Park near Gabbs has fossils of ancient fishlike reptiles.

  • Virginia City, founded when the Comstock Lode was discovered, was home to 20,000 people at its peak in the 1870s but now has only about 800.

  • John Charles Frémont led the first thorough exploration of the Great Basin, which includes most of Nevada, in 1843 and 1844.

  • Nevada is the driest state in the nation with an average annual rainfall of only about 7 inches. The wettest part of state receives about 40 inches of precipitation per year, while the driest spot has less than four inches per year.

  • Nevada was made famous by the discovery of the fabulous Comstock Lode in 1859. Its mines have produced large quantities of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, barite, and tungsten.

  • Nevada is the gambling and entertainment capital of the United States.

  • Hoover Dam, near Las Vegas, impounds the waters of Lake Mead, one of the world's largest artificial lakes.

  • In 1899 Charles Fey invented a slot machine named the Liberty Bell. The device became the model for all slots to follow.

  • There were 16,067 slots in Nevada in 1960. In 1999 Nevada had 205,726 slot machines, one for every 10 residents.

  • Nevada is the largest gold-producing state in the nation. It is second in the world behind South Africa.

  • Las Vegas has more hotel rooms than any other place on earth.